IBM has announced the development of a 2-nanometer chip, the world’s smallest and most powerful microchip
IBM’s latest microchip is built on a 2-nanometer process, which is a big step forward for components that power anything from smartphones and appliances to supercomputers and transportation equipment.
The majority of computer chips in use today are 10-nanometer or 7-nanometer, with some manufacturers making 5-nanometer chips.
IBM Research director Dario Gil said, “There aren’t many inventions or technical breakthroughs that end up lifting all vessels.” “Here’s a good example.”
“When we notice that our phones, vehicles, and computers are getting better, it’s because behind the scenes, the transistor has improved, and we now have more transistors available in our chips,” Gil explained. “The goal is to ensure that we are at the forefront of semiconductor technology in the world,” Gil said.
“Increasing the number of transistors, the core elements that process data, without increasing the chip’s overall size is one way to improve its performance. According to IBM vice president of hybrid cloud research Mukesh Khare, the latest 2-nanometer chips are about the size of a fingernail and contain 50 billion transistors, each about the size of two DNA strands.”
The new chip is expected to outperform today’s most advanced 7-nanometer chips by 45 percent while using around 75 percent less energy.
Cell phone batteries could last four times longer with 2-nanometer chips, laptops could be significantly faster, and data centers’ carbon footprints could be reduced as they use more environmentally friendly chips.
The 2-nanometer chips are anticipated to hit the market in late 2024 or early 2025.
Source: Tech Gist